Gene Information
Gene Symbol
MIRN638, hsa-mir-638
Entrez Gene ID
Gene Name
MicroRNA 638
Chromosomal Location
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

Gene Ontology (GO)

GO ID Ontology Function Evidence Reference
GO:0035195 Biological process Gene silencing by miRNA IDA 23554459
GO:0048008 Biological process Platelet-derived growth factor receptor signaling pathway IDA 23554459
GO:1904706 Biological process Negative regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation IDA 23554459
GO:1904753 Biological process Negative regulation of vascular associated smooth muscle cell migration IDA 23554459
GO:2000134 Biological process Negative regulation of G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle IDA 23554459

Associated Diseases

Disease groupDisease NameReferences
Endocrine System Diseases
Lung Cancer

Circulating microRNAs in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.

Ding Cai-Fei, Chen Wang-Qiang, Zhu Yu-Tian, Bo Ya-Li, Hu Hui-Min, Zheng Ruo-Heng
Reproductive Department, Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Zhejiang Province , Hangzhou , P. R. China.
Hum Fertil (Camb). 2015 Mar;18(1):22-9. doi: 10.3109/14647273.2014.956811. Epub

| © 2019, Biomedical Informatics Centre, NIRRH |
National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, Jehangir Merwanji Street, Parel, Mumbai-400 012
Tel: 91-22-24192104, Fax No: 91-22-24139412